I want to start by thanking those of you who have contributed to maintaining this site. This is not a money making venture, but it does help offset the cost of operations.

The title is not related to this, but rather to a flood of papers addressing the questions posed in recent posts. I was asking last time “take it where?” because it is hard to know what cosmology under UT will look like. In particular, how does structure formation work? We need a relativistic theory to progress further than we already have.

There are some papers that partially address this question. Very recently, there have been a whole slew of them. That’s good! It is also a bit overwhelming – I cannot keep up! Here I note a few recent papers that touch on structure formation in MOND. This is an incomplete list, and I haven’t had the opportunity to absorb much of it.

First, there is a paper by Milgrom with his relativistic BIMOND theory. It shows some possibility of subtle departures from FLRW along the lines of what I was describing with UT. Intriguingly, it explicitly shows that the assumptions we made to address structure formation with plain MOND should indeed hold. This is important because a frequent excuse employed to avoid acknowledging MOND’s predictions is that they don’t count if there is no relativistic theory. This is more a form of solution aversion rather than a serious scientific complaint, but people sure lean hard into it. So go read Milgrom’s papers.

Another paper I was looking forward to but didn’t know was in the offing is a rather general treatment of structure formation in relativistic extensions of MOND. There does seem to be some promise for assessing what could work in theories like AeST, and how it relates to earlier work. As a general treatment, there are a lot of options to sort through. Doing so will take a lot of effort by a lot of people over a considerable span of time.

There is also work on gravitational waves, and a variation dubbed a khronometric theory. I, well, I know what both of them are talking about to some extent, and yet some of what they say is presently incomprehensible to me. Clearly I have a lot still to learn. That’s a good problem to have.

I have been thinking for a while now that what we need is a period of a theoretical wild west. People need to try ideas, work through their consequences, and see what works and what does not. Ultimately, most ideas will fail, as there can only be one correct depiction of reality (I sure hope). It will take a lot of work and angst and bickering before we get there: this is perhaps only the beginning of what has already been a long journey for those of us who have been paying attention.

New and stirring things are belittled because if they are not belittled, the humiliating question arises, ‘Why then are you not taking part in them?’

H. G. Wells